By Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, John Ruscio, Barry L. Beyerstein
50 nice Myths of renowned Psychology makes use of well known myths as a automobile for aiding scholars and laypersons to tell apart technological know-how from pseudoscience.
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Additional resources for 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology: Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior
1. The Classical Kami This category includes three subcategories, the heavenly kami and the earthly kami, and a small group of named marebito (visiting kami), all of whom are named in one of the classical works such as the Kπjiki, the Nihonshπki, and the Engishiki. Many of these kami were included in those works in order to bolster the political status of one of the many aristocratic Introduction clans, including the imperial house, which ruled Japan during the eras before the Heian period. The assignation to one of the subclasses depended heavily on historical events: whether they were Yamato clans (and therefore, in most cases, their ancestor kami was defined as a heavenly kami), or were from one of the clans that were absorbed or conquered by the Yamato, such as clans from Izumo.
As a noun, kami means a powerful being with an interest in the lives of humans and the ability to intervene in human affairs, either directly or indirectly, by influencing the activities of other kami, animals, or natural events and features: in short, a deity. As an adjective, the term means something close to “holy”: a mysterious and elevating quality that various living beings, including animals and humans, possess to varying degrees. Kami (the noun form) possess kami (the adjectival form) in very great degrees, though they too, as the story of Susano-wo shows, can lose some, even much, of the quality.
Other clans specialized in administration or warfare. All of these required an elaborate economy to support them. Seventy years after the establishment of the court at Nara, the transformation of the Yamato kingdom into the Japanese empire was complete. A new capital, designed on a grid pattern and arranged in accordance with feng-shui principles, was established to the north of Nara, in an auspicious cup of moun- Introduction tains facing south, and called Heian-kyπ: Tranquil Capital. A proper bureaucracy based on the Chinese model was established.
50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology: Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior by Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, John Ruscio, Barry L. Beyerstein