By Kesan, J. P. (Eds.)
This publication discusses the criminal, agribusiness and public coverage concerns that attach highbrow estate security with developments in agricultural biotechnology. It has 24 chapters and a topic index. The e-book is meant as a reference for college kids and practitioners in highbrow estate and agribusiness, for these within the agricultural and highbrow estate legal professionals. on hand In Print
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Additional resources for Agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property: seeds of change
Supporters of the United States Bayh–Dole Act (1980), which broadened the ability of researchers to patent innovations supported with federal funding, emphasized this role of patenting. The patent is like a claim on a mineral prospect that protects a developer from free-riding by others on further investment (Kitch, 1977). However, where the public sector is responsible for commercialization, such ‘free-riding’ is not a problem. On the other hand, the constraints imposed by IPR claims on public sector efforts to bring biotechnology innovations to farmers in the new world of global IPRs may be even more important than for the private sector.
Scotchmer (2004b) correctly identifies the benefits for less developed countries of national treatment (non-discriminatory treatment of foreign patent applicants, as Agricultural Innovation after the Diffusion of IPP 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 15 mandated by the Paris Convention) and worldwide protection, relative to a system with neither. But she does not consider the alternative that combines national treatment with weaker protection in developing than developed countries. Nations that have committed to patenting of plants and animals, not mandated under TRIPS, include Jordan, Morocco, Laos, Mongolia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Chile and Nicaragua.
2003) Does intellectual property protection spur technological change? Oxford Economic Papers 55, 235–264. Kent, L. (2004) What’s the holdup? Addressing constraints to the use of plant biotechno- Agricultural Innovation after the Diffusion of IPP logy in developing countries. The Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management & Economics 7(1&2), Article 12. L. and Schimmelpfennig, D. (2005) Mergers, acquisitions, and stocks of agricultural biotechnology intellectual property. AgBioForum 8(2&3), 83–88.
Agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property: seeds of change by Kesan, J. P. (Eds.)