Download e-book for kindle: Ahmad Riza Khan (Makers of the Muslim World) by Usha Sanyal

By Usha Sanyal

ISBN-10: 1435683765

ISBN-13: 9781435683761

ISBN-10: 1851683593

ISBN-13: 9781851683598

Introduces the mythical chief of the good 20th-century Sunni circulation.

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Elphinstone College was founded in the 1820s in Bombay. Hindu College in Calcutta had been established in 1819, with private British and Indian financial support. By the 1830s English was being avidly studied by “several thousand Indians” in Calcutta alone (Metcalf and Metcalf, 2002: 82). The first three Indian universities were inaugurated in 1857. 044 10/12/2004 4:11 PM Page 17 EIGHTEENTH- AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY BACKGROUND 17 This embrace of Western learning was but an aspect of a wider reform movement under Raja Ram Mohan Roy, founder of the Brahmo Samaj in Calcutta, who sought to reform the Hinduism of his day in the light of a perceived golden age accessed through the study of ancient Sanskrit texts.

Unlike the latter, the Farangi Mahall madrasa focused on ma‘qulat or rational studies. Francis Robinson, who has made an exhaustive study of the Farangi Mahall ‘ulama, shows in detail the differences between the curricula followed by the two madrasas. Where the Madrasa-i Rahimiyya emphasized hadith, the Farangi Mahall curriculum emphasized grammar, logic, and philosophy (Robinson, 2001: 46–53). The Farangi Mahall ‘ulama believed that knowledge of these sciences was “crucial to the study of legal theory and jurisprudence (usul al-fiqh) and of theology (‘ilm al-kalam), and expertise in them helped make many ...

In the 1930s, Maulana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi (d. 1943), a famous Deobandi scholar (‘alim), tried to solve this problem by arguing that apostasy had no effect on the marriage contract, while at the same time proposing both that the conditions under which marriages could be dissolved should be made less stringent and that in the absence of a qadi, ‘ulama or other “righteous Muslims” acting together could dissolve a marriage in his stead. These ideas were accepted by the political party, Jamiyyat al-‘Ulama-e Hind,which had been founded afterWorldWar I and which was dominated by Deobandi ‘ulama, and it became the basis for the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act of 1939 in British India.

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Ahmad Riza Khan (Makers of the Muslim World) by Usha Sanyal

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