By Brian Morris
This e-book is a pioneering and complete research of the environmental background of Southern Malawi. With over fifty years of expertise, anthropologist and social ecologist Brian Morris attracts on a variety of info – literary, ethnographic and archival – during this interdisciplinary quantity.
Specifically focussing at the complicated and dialectical dating among the folk of Southern Malawi, either Africans and Europeans, and the Shire Highlands panorama, this research spans the 19th century until eventually the tip of the colonial interval. It contains distinct money owed of the early background of the peoples of Northern Zambezia; the advance of the plantation economic climate and heritage of the tea estates within the Thyolo and Mulanje districts; the Chilembwe uprising of 1915; and the complicated tensions among colonial pursuits in holding ordinary assets and the worries of the Africans of the Shire Highlands in conserving their livelihoods.
A landmark paintings, Morris’s research constitutes an incredible contribution to the environmental historical past of Southern Africa. it is going to attraction not just to students, yet to scholars in anthropology, economics, background and the environmental sciences, in addition to to somebody drawn to studying extra in regards to the heritage of Malawi, and ecological matters when it comes to southern Africa.
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Additional resources for An Environmental History of Southern Malawi: Land and People of the Shire Highlands
2001). Such studies have indicated the diversity and complexity of the evergreen forests of Malawi. But here, focussing on the Shire Highlands, and avoiding abstruse taxonomic debates, we shall be concerned only with four broad categories of evergreen forest, namely Montane, submontane, lowland and riparian forest. Adopting a geomorphological as well as a botanical perspective, we shall discuss these various types of evergreen forest in relation to the four mountain ranges that characterize the Shire Highlands.
3 Montane Forest Variously described as ‘moist forest’ or simply as ‘Montane forest sensu stricto’, Montane Evergreen rain forest has a very restricted distribution in the Shire Highlands. For it is found only above 5000 feet (1500 m) on the highest mountains—Malosa, Zomba, Chiradzulu (above 4700 feet), Mulanje and Mchese. At this altitude there is generally very high rainfall— on Zomba and Mulanje Mountains, for example, the annual rainfall figure is over 90 inches (2200 mm). The trees in the forest are all evergreen, usually with smooth bark (contrasting with that of Brachystegia) and between 50 feet (15 m) and 80 feet (25 m) tall, forming a dense and continuous 24 B.
But in fact, three distinct seasons may be recognized. For after the main rainy season, which is a warm and wet period, the remainder of the year may be divided into two distinct periods. From May until July is the cold, dry season. However, during this period the south-east trade winds from the Indian Ocean often bring long spells of light rain and cold mist. The moist air is widely described, especially among European planters, as a ‘chiperoni’, named after the mountain in Mozambique, lying some 60 miles south-east of Mulanje.
An Environmental History of Southern Malawi: Land and People of the Shire Highlands by Brian Morris