Download e-book for kindle: Applied Dairy Microbiology (Fos Food Science and Technology) by Elmer H. Marth

By Elmer H. Marth

ISBN-10: 0585404119

ISBN-13: 9780585404110

ISBN-10: 082470536X

ISBN-13: 9780824705367

This completely revised and up to date reference presents entire insurance of the newest advancements and clinical advances in dairy microbiology—emphasizing probiotics, fermented dairy items, affliction prevention, and public well-being and regulatory keep an eye on criteria for dairy meals. Containing greater than 2350 bibliographic citations, tables, drawings and photographs—550 greater than the former edition—Applied Dairy Microbiology, moment version is a useful reference for all meals and dairy microbiologists, scientists, and technologists; toxicologists; nutrients processors; sanitarians; dietitians; epidemiologists; bacteriologists; public future health and regulatory team of workers; and veterinarians; and a huge textual content for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education scholars in those disciplines. ·        

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Extra resources for Applied Dairy Microbiology (Fos Food Science and Technology)

Sample text

These can be classified into flagellates and ciliates. Flagellates dominate the ruminal protozoan population of young animals, but they are gradually displaced by the ciliates with aging. , Entodinium and Diplodinium). The populations of protozoa in the rumen vary widely, but they are usually in the range of 102 – 106 /mL. These densities are much lower than those of the bacteria; however, because of their large size, the protozoa may in fact represent up to half of the microbial biomass in the rumen (Van Soest, 1994; Jouany and Ushida, 1999).

Microbes certainly are involved to the extent that the ruminal fermentation is responsible for production of methane and carbon dioxide gases and the acids that reduce the ruminal pH and cause release of carbon dioxide from the ruminal bicarbonate pool. More direct roles of individual species of bacteria and protozoa have been difficult to establish. However, microbial involvement is suggested by two lines of evidence: (a) bloat is routinely and effectively inhibited by controlled release of monensin into the rumen (Cameron and Malmo, 1993) and (b) complete switching of ruminal contents between fistulated cattle having a high or low susceptibility to bloat results in a change of susceptibility that is maintained for approximately 24 h before the animal’s natural susceptibility or resistance reasserts itself (Clarke and Reid, 1974).

1998). , 1994). , 1994). H. Fermentations in the Hindgut Hindgut fermentations received very little attention until development of intestinal cannulae permitted quantitative studies. It was long assumed that the extent of digestion that occurs in the hindgut is only a small fraction of that of the total tract. However, the fraction of total tract digestibility that occurs in the hindgut varies with several factors, particularly feed intake (Tamminga, 1993). In cattle 38 Weimer fed at high intakes, up to 37% of the total energy digestion can occur in the cecum and large intestine (Zinn and Owens, 1981).

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Applied Dairy Microbiology (Fos Food Science and Technology) by Elmer H. Marth

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