By Johann Gottlieb Fichte
The test at a Critique of All Revelation (1792) was once the 1st released paintings of Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814), the founding father of the German idealist circulate in philosophy. It predated the method of philosophy which Fichte constructed in the course of his years in Jena, and for this reason - and doubtless additionally due to its spiritual orientation - later commentators have tended to miss the paintings of their remedies of Fichte's philosophy. it truly is, despite the fact that, already consultant of the main fascinating points of Fichte's notion. It screens an affinity along with his later ethical psychology, introduces (in theological shape) Fichte's distinctively 'second-person' notion of ethical specifications, and employs the 'synthetic process' that is the most important to the transcendental structures Fichte constructed in the course of his Jena interval. This quantity bargains a transparent and available translation of the paintings by means of Garrett eco-friendly, whereas an advent through Allen wooden units the paintings in its ancient and philosophical contexts.
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I have been guided in particular by the excellent and widely used translations of Kant’s Critique o f Pure Reason by Norman Kemp Smith and of the Critique o f Practical Reason by Lewis White Beck. I have tried to employ the same English term each time for the corresponding German technical term. I have deviated from this equivalency only in cases where the German terms seem plainly to be employed in non-technical senses or where clarity in English demands exceptions. Fichte’s main technical terms are listed together with their English equivalents in the Glossary at the end of this volume.
Beiser: The Fate o f Reason (Cambridge, M A: Harvard University Press, 1987); Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis o f Modern German Political Thought, 1790— 1800 (Cambridge, M A: Harvard University Press, 1992); and German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781-1801 (Cambridge, M A: Harvard University Press, 2002). X X Xll Note on the text and translation The translation presented in this volume comes from the edition of the work published by Cambridge University Press in 1978.
Through this determination, then, the impulse first receives a right. But now cases can occur wherejthe law / revo k ^ t^ j^ t i i^nrjSTVm s everyone is doubtless justified in living; yet itTtiay nevertEeless become a duty to sacrifice one’s life. T h is revoking o f f justification would be a formal contradiction o f the law with itself. cannot contradict itself without losing its lawful character, ceas ing to be a law, and being forced to surrender itself completely. The foregoing would lead us for the moment to conclude that all \ objects o f sensuous impulse, in accordance with the requirement o f the moral law that it not contradict itself, could only be appearances, not things in themselves, and that such a contradiction is therefore grounded in the objects insofar as they are appearances, and is thus illusory.
Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation by Johann Gottlieb Fichte