By Gunther Kress
Gunther Kress argues for a thorough reappraisal of the phenomenon of literacy, and for that reason for a profound shift in academic perform. via shut awareness to the plethora of gadgets which kids regularly produce--drawings, cut-outs, writings and collages-- Kress indicates a suite of ideas which demonstrate the underlying coherence of children's actions-- activities which enable us to attach them with makes an attempt to make that means ahead of they collect language and writing.
This ebook offers basic demanding situations to often held assumptions approximately either language and literacy and suggestion and motion. It locations those demanding situations in the context of hypothesis in regards to the skills with a purpose to turn into crucial for kids as teens, and demands the novel decentering of language in academic thought and perform.
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Extra info for Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy
Even in highly realistic adult representations only certain selected aspects are represented—never ‘the whole thing’. Signs are metaphors in many ways. In the car example there are two steps: (a) ‘a car is (most like) wheels’; and (b) ‘wheels are (most like) circles’. These structures are established by analogy. Hence the result is a (double) metaphor: circles are ((like) wheels; wheels are (defining of)) a car. Signs are the result of metaphoric processes in which analogy is the principle by which they are formed.
2. It was also made at this time. This object is three-dimensional: a craft (perhaps now a space-craft) with the same triangular, dart-shape, made from Lego blocks. 1, the plethora of detail is pronounced; there are similarities of overall ‘design’; and the same interest in speed and power. At this point the potentials— and limitations—of the representational resources become most noticeable. Lego blocks offer possibilities which paper does not; although paper, designed, painted and cut out, also offers possibilities which Lego does not—for instance, the possibilities of abstraction/intensification of Plate 1.
Each of them engages the child differently in cognitive and affective action. 5 Stick puppet encourages the synaesthetic potentials of the child in their transformative, creative actions. Second, it may be, and my discussion so far tends in that direction, that all modes and forms of representation present both potentials and limitations to meaningful action and to imagination. If the limits of imagination imposed by one mode of representation are reached it seems a decidedly positive situation to be able to move into another mode, which extends these limits in certain ways, or offers a different potential.
Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy by Gunther Kress