By Timothy Macklem
Timothy Macklem argues that the center of discrimination lies no longer in unfavourable comparisons with the therapy and possibilities that males take pleasure in, yet really, in a denial of assets and possibilities that girls have to lead profitable and significant lives. This paintings grants to be a milestone within the debate approximately gender equality and may curiosity scholars and pros focused on felony concept and gender stories.
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Additional resources for Beyond Comparison: Sex and Discrimination
It follows that to pursue a policy of equality, for example, is to remedy sex discrimination whenever the prevailing misconception of what it means to be a woman describes women as different from men (explicitly or implicitly, directly or indirectly), when in fact they are not. If and to the extent that women really are the same as men, the pursuit of equality will also be the pursuit of a correct conception of what it means to be a woman. 16 Strategic considerations aside, the other reason for comparative approaches to discrimination, and of equality in particular, is historical and to some extent speculative.
Nor is it true that to speak of what it means to be a woman is essentialist, in the sense of implying that all women are alike. It is true, pace Wittgenstein, that women must have some quality or characteristic in common or it would not be possible to know them as women at all, whether in speaking of women generally or in speaking of them particularly and contextually, as black women, working-class women, Israeli women, Muslim women, or lesbians. That quality or characteristic need not be of any great signiﬁcance, however, except as the foundation for other, more important distinctions between women and men, and it need not play the same role in every woman’s life.
What It Means to Be a Woman 33 to enable them to identify the valuable options in life that their qualities and characteristics make viable, intelligible, and rational, in the manner described above. VII. 25 I do not intend anything special to turn on the idea of meaning; I simply have in mind what it is to be a woman. The word “mean” is used merely to convey the idea of an explanation in all its fullness, in the same sense that one speaks, compassionately, of what it means to be unemployed, to be old, to lose one’s child, or perhaps enviously, of what it means to be healthy, happy, or rich.
Beyond Comparison: Sex and Discrimination by Timothy Macklem