By Roger Célestin, Eliane DalMolin, Isabelle de Courtivron
This quantity, a set of essays by way of a couple of high-profile personalities operating in philosophy, literature, sociology, cinema, theatre, journalism, and politics, covers a bunch a of modern and an important advancements within the box of French Feminisms that experience made a reassessment invaluable. past French Feminisms proposes to reply to the query: what's new in French Feminism initially of the twenty-first century? The essays replicate the shift from the theoretical and philosophical ways that characterised feminism two decades in the past, to the extra social and political questions of at the present time. themes comprise: the 'parité' and PACS debates, the France-USA discussion, the 'multicultural' matters, and the hot traits in literature and picture via women.
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Additional info for Beyond French Feminisms: Debates on Women, Politics, and Culture in France, 1981–2001
The real issue, beyond the PaCS (even though the bill currently discussed in Parliament makes no reference to the topic whatsoever), is in fact access to adoption as well as reproductive technologies—both of which currently legally exclude same-sex couples in France. The real problem is that, while not objecting to gays and lesbians as individuals, nor even as couples, many refuse the perspective of gay and lesbian families. It is not exactly surprising that this should be a problem on the Right— traditionally, the Right has defined the family in a traditional fashion, indeed, as the bulwark of tradition.
Parité goes beyond parité. In theory, PaCS has to do mostly with the discrimination endured by gay and lesbian couples. But racial or ethnic discrimination immediately became more visible, both in the PaCS (in the case of immigrants) and outside the PaCS (for example, the absence of “visible minorities” on French television, their exclusion in housing and employment, and so on, became issues). PaCS goes beyond the PaCS. The confusion of identity politics and minority politics that had prevailed under the hegemony of the rhetoric of the “République,” opposed to communautarisme, finally came to an end after the joint success of PaCS and parité.
In all these cases, judges, parents, and even children simply draw a logical conclusion from a general principle: if the family is defined as heterosexual, then homosexuals do not belong in the family. How can one not see this? The answer, of course, is simple. Not that discrimination is invisible. Actually, people do not see what they do not want to see—they are blind to what they refuse to acknowledge. In the same way, in 1980, the French Constitutional Council, reviewing laws that go back to Vichy establishing a different age of consent for heterosexuality and homosexuality, refused to invalidate them.
Beyond French Feminisms: Debates on Women, Politics, and Culture in France, 1981–2001 by Roger Célestin, Eliane DalMolin, Isabelle de Courtivron