By Robert Jungk
An account of the outstanding scientists who stumbled on that nuclear fission used to be attainable after which turned concerned with its implications. Index. Translated through James Cleugh.
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Extra resources for Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (Paperback)
A third approach for measuring the distance to faraway objects came from the observation of Edwin Hubble that the light spectra observed from distant galaxies were displaced towards the red end of the spectrum. This phenomenon is analogous to the Doppler Effect, which produces a drop in pitch of the sound from a train as it passes and recedes from an observer. Hubble concluded that the distant galaxies were moving away from us, and that the fainter, more distant galaxies were moving faster than those closer to us.
Hubble concluded that the distant galaxies were moving away from us, and that the fainter, more distant galaxies were moving faster than those closer to us. This is the characteristic of an expanding universe. 7 From Hubble’s constant and the observed red shift we can calculate the distance to the farthest astronomical objects. So how do we estimate Hubble’s constant? Just as there is a region of overlap between where parallax measurements and luminosity measurements are possible, there is another region of overlap between luminosity and red shift measurements.
In 1638, Galileo published his ﬁnal book, Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences. In it he describes the motion of falling bodies, projectiles, the concept of the relative motion of two bodies, and some fundamental ideas about the pitch of vibrating strings, friction and inﬁnity. Following after Galileo, the end of the 17th Century saw a blossoming of studies into the motion of objects, both earthbound and celestial. Christiaan Huygens, John Wallis and Gottfried Leibniz introduced concepts such as the Conservation of Momentum and the Conservation of Energy, which were discussed in Chap.
Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (Paperback) by Robert Jungk